Fifth Generation (5G) Wireless Technology in the State of Vermont

The Economic and Health Implications
PRS Briefs
PRS Policy Brief 1920-07
Tuesday, February 25, 2020

This report addresses the health, economic, and legislative implications of 5G rollout in the state of Vermont. A review of recent scientific literature suggests that exposure to radio frequency radiation could have adverse effects on human health. Many state, municipal, and international governments have taken health-related legislative action, and many of these actions could be replicable in Vermont. Economically, there are numerous benefits to expanding earlier generations of cell service prior to the establishment of 5G technology. Vermont and other states command limited control over telecommunications companies, but they retain the ability to take regulatory action. Most domestic regulation involves the imposition of fees and siting restrictions, while international regulation tends to invite local control. Domestic and international governing bodies have organized task forces to streamline 5G development. Much of this legislation has aspects that could be adapted for use by the Vermont Legislature.